How to list files in a directory using Windows commands

By | September 20, 2015

To enumerate files in the current directory in a command prompt, use the following command line.

Here the command dir is used with a for loop. The argument /b is to output bare format.
To use the for loop command in a batch file, the iterator %I has to be changed to %%I

If only a certain part of the file path or name is desired, say, filename only without the extension, an optional syntax can be added to the iterator.

Below is the optional syntax from “for /?” help.

    %~I         - expands %I removing any surrounding quotes (")
    %~fI        - expands %I to a fully qualified path name
    %~dI        - expands %I to a drive letter only
    %~pI        - expands %I to a path only
    %~nI        - expands %I to a file name only
    %~xI        - expands %I to a file extension only
    %~sI        - expanded path contains short names only
    %~aI        - expands %I to file attributes of file
    %~tI        - expands %I to date/time of file
    %~zI        - expands %I to size of file
    %~$PATH:I   - searches the directories listed in the PATH
                   environment variable and expands %I to the
                   fully qualified name of the first one found.
                   If the environment variable name is not
                   defined or the file is not found by the
                   search, then this modifier expands to the
                   empty string
    %~dpI       - expands %I to a drive letter and path only
    %~nxI       - expands %I to a file name and extension only
    %~fsI       - expands %I to a full path name with short names only
    %~dp$PATH:I - searches the directories listed in the PATH
                   environment variable for %I and expands to the
                   drive letter and path of the first one found.
    %~ftzaI     - expands %I to a DIR like output line

If an argument is to be passed from the batch file command line, the %n argument can be used.

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